Monday, November 13, 2023
3:30 PM - 5:00 PM
Acceptance of Green Hydrogen Production in Germany
Session ID
B3 - Real or Perceived Barriers to Electrification and Decarbonization

Green hydrogen is seen as a beacon of hope for the German energy transition. With the use of green hydrogen, fossil fuels can be substituted in significant areas of German industry. However, the production of green hydrogen is currently still very expensive and thus its use on a larger scale is presently economically not viable. In addition to the economic aspects, the acceptance of the local population related to green hydrogen facilities also plays an important role in the successful establishment of this technology. The better the acceptance of renewable energy in the population, the better the market growth of renewable energy. This is also the case for green hydrogen. To investigate the acceptance of green hydrogen production in Germany, we conducted a nationwide online survey with 1,203 participants. In this survey, the participants had to classify themselves into eight acceptance levels according to Hofinger (2001) and Sauer (2005). These acceptance levels were divided into three general groups for further calculation: non-acceptance, ambivalence and acceptance. In addition, the respondents had to evaluate statements from different areas such as their knowledge and opinion on green hydrogen, green consumer values, perceived problems, as well as the range of positive and negative factors of green hydrogen production for the population. We observed e.g. for the non-acceptance group, financial participation in green hydrogen projects and the associated payment of an annual return on investment represent a way of increasing acceptance. In addition, local events, such as hydrogen car and hydrogen bus rides where people can experience and see the benefits of green hydrogen, also have a strong acceptance-enhancing effect.

Supporting Document 1